Dang Xiong, 29, left his dog outside in Brooklyn Center on Tuesday when temperatures hit minus 9 degrees, Fox affiliate KMSP-TV reported.
Xiong's dog was reportedly found by officers chained up outside around 3 p.m. Responding officers said they found vomit near the dog, who had access to minimal food and water.
The dog owner was cited with inhumanely, unnecessarily, cruelly beating, injuring or abusing an animal, and his dog was seized by authorities.
At least nine deaths have so far been linked to the polar vortex, which brought Arctic temperatures to the Midwestern U.S.
Pets, according to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), should be brought indoors in cold weather conditions.
"Remember, if it’s too cold for you, it’s probably too cold for your pet, so keep your animals inside," the ASPCA reminds pet owners on its website. "If left outdoors, pets can freeze, become disoriented, lost, stolen, injured or killed."
Fox News' Jennifer Earl contributed to this report.